Ministry of Wildlife and Forest Resources Conservation
World Nature Conservation Day – 28th July
World Nature Conservation Day – 28thJuly
Every year, World Nature Conservation Day is celebrated on July 28. On this day, people raise awareness about the importance of nature conservation.
At present human usage equivalent of 1.6 Earths to maintain the current way of life and ecosystems will not be able to keep up with the demands. Millions of plants and animals are threatened with extinction. Earth’s land surface has been significantly altered by human actions, including wetland areas. Ocean area is impacted by human activities, including from fisheries and pollution. Most of the world’s marine fish stocks are fully exploited, overexploited or depleted. Agricultural expansion is said to account for loss of terrestrial biodiversity.Some of the biggest threats to wildlife or environment include illegal wildlife trade, habitat destruction, invasive species, pollution, and climatechange. Illegal Wildlife Trade is the fourth largest criminal industry in the world, after drugs, arms, and human trafficking.
As the consequences of nature loss, global population, are adversely affected by land degradation, annual global crop production is at risk from pollinator loss, greenhouse gas emissions are generated by land clearing, crop production and fertilization, increase the risk of disease spread and millions of hurricanes because of coastal habitat loss.
Conservation goals include conserving habitat, preventing deforestation, maintaining soil organic matter, halting species extinction, reducing overfishing, and mitigating climate change, managing waste, recycling, reducing water consumption, controlling pollution andcreating public awareness etc.
By understanding the importance of conserving the nature, many steps have been taken by several countries of the world. Many summits have been held and agreements and guidelines adopted in order to conserve the nature. The Kyoto protocol was an international treaty which extended United Nations framework convention on climate change that count state parties to reduce Greenhouse gas emissions. The Paris agreement is an international treaty on climate change adopted in 2015, the agreement covers climate change mitigation adaptation and finance. In 2022, in UN biodiversity Conference (COP15), governments from around the world agreed on a set of goals to guide global action through 2030 to halt and reduce nature loss.
– Source: Internet –